Expressing future with 'to be going to'

December 4, 2017

How to express future with 'to be going to' | How to use 'to be going to' | How to use 'gonna' |  Is 'gonna' 'to be going to' 


Expressing the future with 'to be going to '  - When and How to use 'to be going to' 






We use  the 'to be going to' structure to express future with it


  • when we can see a sign, something that makes us think that something is going to happen, a sign


The woman is laying the table. They're going to have dinner. 

Mike is packing his suitcase. He is going to travel somewhere. 


  • when you when you intend to' or 'have an intention to' to do something but maybe it's just a decision without arrangements, it's just a plan.


What are you going to wear tonight?

If the weather is good this weekend I'm going to swim in the sea. 

Oh, no! I don't fit into my wedding dress! I'm going to go on a diet. '
'What are you going to be when you're grown up, Josh? - I'm going to be a footballer, Aunty Sarah'


​​The slang 'gonna' is nothing else but 'going to' so when you hear:

I'm not gonna go to this concert = I'm not going to go to this concert
What are you gonna do tonight? =  'What are you going to do tonight?


What is the structure?


am/is/are + going to + infinitive (simplest) verb form


In questions and negatives:


What are you going to do with the rubbish in your garden?

I'm not going to go out with you tonight. 



Learn with videos, further examples, funny situations - Tenses in the English Language | Visual Learning Course




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